The agreement will benefit all stakeholders by improving connectivity through a fair and transparent competitive environment and creating a solid foundation for a long-term aviation relationship. America`s open skies policy goes hand in hand with the globalization of airlines. With airlines` unlimited access to our partners` markets and the right to fly all intermediate points and crossing points, open-air agreements offer maximum flexibility for airline alliances. This type of trade agreement does not exist in any other sector. The Australian government is working to move beyond the bilateral system through multilateral organizations such as IcaO, the World Trade Organization and APEC (Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation). It is a long-term goal, but it is an important goal. The European Commission negotiated the agreement on behalf of European Member States as part of its Aviation for Europe strategy, a landmark initiative to give European aviation a new impetus and create business opportunities. The negotiations were successfully concluded on February 5, 2019. Qatar is an air transport partner close to the European Union with more than 7 million passengers travelling each year between the EU and Qatar under the 27 existing bilateral agreements with EU member states. Although direct flights between most EU Member States and Qatar have already been liberalised by these bilateral agreements, none of them contains fair competition provisions and other elements, such as social issues, which the Commission considers essential elements of a modern aviation agreement. In 2016, the European Commission was therefore authorised by the Council to negotiate an EU-wide air transport agreement with Qatar.

Since September 2016, negotiators have met for five rounds of formal negotiations in the presence of observers from EU member states and stakeholders. This agreement is part of the EU`s concerted efforts to ensure open and fair competition and high standards for global air transport, in line with the ambitious agenda of the European Foreign Policy Strategy. Parallel negotiations with aSEAN are at an advanced stage and negotiations are also under way with Turkey. The Commission also has a mandate to negotiate air agreements with the United Arab Emirates and Oman. EU negotiations with Ukraine, Armenia and Tunisia are over and agreements are still pending. The bilateral system is based on the Chicago Convention and related multilateral treaties. The Chicago Convention was signed in December 1944 and has governed international air services ever since. the convention also contains a number of annexes covering issues such as aviation safety, safety monitoring, seaworthiness, navigation, environmental protection and facilities (acceleration and departure at airports). The agreement will improve the rules and standards for flights between Qatar and the EU and establish a new global benchmark by committing to strong and fair competition mechanisms and providing for provisions that are not normally covered by bilateral air services agreements, such as social or environmental issues. The ASA covers the basic framework under which airlines enjoy bilateral economic flight rights in two countries. Frequency, designated airlines of the two signatory states, points of origin and intermediate points, traffic rights, type of aircraft and tax issues are generally covered by soft.

Caption: Map of bilateral air services agreements between members of the World Trade Organization. Courtesy of the Air Services Agreement Projector, World Trade Organization, 2007 One of the first ATAs after World War II was the Bermuda Agreement, signed in 1946 by the United Kingdom and the United States. The characteristics of this agreement have become models for the thousands of agreements that were to follow, although in recent decades some of the traditional clauses of these