The British-Irish Agreement is an agreement between the British and Irish Governments. The agreement is promised to the various institutions set out in the multi-party agreement. It also sets out the agreed position of the two governments on the current and future status of Northern Ireland. The agreement was reached between the British and Irish governments and eight political parties or groups in Northern Ireland. Three were representative of unionism: the Ulster Unionist Party, which had led unionism in Ulster since the beginning of the 20th century, and two small parties associated with loyalist paramilitaries, the Progressive Unionist Party (associated with the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF)) and the Ulster Democratic Party (the political wing of the Ulster Defence Association (UDA)). Two were commonly referred to as nationalists: the Social Democratic and Labour Party and Sinn Féin, the Republican Party linked to the Provisional Irish Republican Army. [4] [5] Regardless of these rival traditions, there were two other assembly parties, the Inter-Community Alliance Party and the Northern Ireland Women`s Coalition. There was also the Labour Coalition. U.S. Senator George J. Mitchell was sent by U.S. President Bill Clinton to lead talks between parties and groups. [6] The British Army suspended its operations in Northern Ireland from 1 August 2007, ending a 38-year presence in Northern Ireland.

This decision reduced the size of British troops to 5,000, which was compatible with a normal peaceful society, as proposed in the peace agreement.1 The Independent Monitoring Commission also confirmed the reduction of British troops in Northern Ireland.2 These institutional arrangements, which were created between these three strands, are defined in the agreement as „interlocking and interdependent”. In particular, it notes that the functioning of the Northern Ireland Assembly and the North-South Council of Ministers is „so closely linked that the success of the other depends on the success of the other”, and that participation in the North-South Council of Ministers is „one of the essential tasks associated with the relevant posts in [Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland]”. Agreement on administrative support for the Citizens` Forum and the establishment of guidelines for the selection of representatives of the Citizens` Forum. In addition to reaffirming the commitment to human rights in the Good Friday Agreement, the parties agreed to amend United Kingdom legislation to incorporate the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) from the Northern Ireland Act (1998). .