Each partner city organization is independent and monitors activities and themes that are important to them and their community, including local, economic, commercial, educational and cultural exchanges and projects with its partner city. A brother-state relationship is a formal declaration of friendship between two regions, states or nations. Such an agreement is a symbol of mutual goodwill and thus promotes bilateral cooperation. China`s relations are managed by the Chinese People`s Association for Friendship with Foreigners.  City twinning is supported in Japan by the Council of Local Authorities for International Relations, a joint agency of local governments established by the Japanese government in 1988 (like Sister Cities International, its equivalent in the United States). More recently, at the initiative of its governor Yoichi Masuzoe, Tokyo has begun to actively promote „urban diplomacy” with other cities.  Thiruvananthapuram, December 15 (UNI) Kerala Financial Corporation (KFC) announced on Tuesday that it would make new loans worth 1,000 kronor to revive the state`s industrial sector in the current GJ. In the United Kingdom, the term „twin cities” is the most widely used; the term „sister cities” is generally used for agreements with cities in North and South America.   On the European continent, the most commonly used terms are `twin cities`, `twin cities`, `twin cities` and `friendship cities`. The European Commission uses the term `twin cities` and refers to the process as `twinning cities`.   Spain uses the term „ciudades hermanadas,” which means „sister cities.” Germany, Poland and the Czech Republic use the partner city (De) / miasto partnerskie (Pl) / partnerské mesto (Cz), which means „partner city” or „partner city”. France uses twin city (twinning, twinning city or city) and Italy a gemellaggio (partnership) and comune gemellato (common partner).
 In the Netherlands, the terms „Partnerstad” or „Stedenband” („urban borrowing” when it comes to mutual assistance). In Greece, the word „Adelfopiisi – Fraternity” was adopted. In Iceland, the terms vinab`ir (friends cities) and Vinaborgir (friends cities) are used. In the former Soviet bloc, „twin cities” and „twin cities” were used, with the „Ru” (sworn brother cities).   A city can have any number of twin cities, with a collective commitment of half a dozen to hundreds of volunteers. In addition to volunteers, sister city organizations may also include representatives of non-profit organizations, local authorities, the private sector and other citizen organizations.