The period of agreement on technical assistance generally depends on the deadline for submission of proposals. Typically, ATs expire when the main sponsor chooses or rejects the team`s proposal. Data Use Agreement (DUA): an agreement between the university and another party (academic institution, government agency or company) to exchange a limited set of data under the HIPC for the purpose of promoting research. The agreement ensures appropriate processing of the data exchanged in accordance with data protection legislation. In a consortium, each party has full power to decide on its price, provisions and margin. By adding up the prices, the parties often find that the result is not competitive. This is especially true when they take risks in the size of their partner and decide to take precautions. Then they begin to push each other, lower the price and increase the likelihood of a reward. But they only have soft power to influence other partners.

For example, in the past, there was a usual practice for consortium members, say to provide 2% of their price as a consortium leader fee. Today, the preferred solution is for the consortium leader to bear the management costs (and set his price accordingly). This will avoid invoicing between unionized partners, which would not be a good thing for tax clarity when it comes to separating profits and losses. A subaward is an agreement with a third-party organization that conducts part of a UMU-funded research project or program. The terms of the relationship (sub-grant/subcontracting) are influenced by the main agreement and all subcontracts must be monitored to ensure that the sub-payer complies with these conditions. A sub-receiver works with the primary recipient to complete the proposed workload. An example of a nonprofit consortium is the Appalachian College Association (ACA), headquartered in Richmond, Kentucky. The association consists of 35 private liberal arts colleges and universities spread across the central Appalachian Mountains of Kentucky, North Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, and West Virginia. Together, these higher education institutions serve some 42,500 students. Six research universities in the region (University of Kentucky, University of North Carolina, University of Tennessee, West Virginia University, University of Virginia and Virginia Tech) are affiliated with the ACA.

These institutions assist the ACA in reviewing applications for scholarships and fellowships, organizing workshops and providing technical assistance. . . .